Memory efficiency is determined by the ability to recall or use what has been stored. Working memory specifically involves the ability to store and process information simultaneously in a system that is of limited capacity. Both storage and recall can be improved through the use of strategies like rehearsal and repetition. Children use their working memory for many complex cognitive tasks including: reading comprehension, mental calculations, following instructions, planning and problem solving. Research shows that individual differences in children’s working memory abilities and inattention are related to academic achievement.
Research shows that individual differences in children’s working memory abilities and inattention are related to academic achievement.
Working Memory helps with:
- Remembering Instructions
- Learning languages
- Comprehending verbal information
- Remembering sequences
- Understanding patterns
- Reading and Writing
- Completing mental arithmetic.
What are the symptoms of poor working memory?
If a student is distracted he or she may appear “tuned out”. Instructions might be missed, tasks forgotten or classroom work is attempted quite slowly.
In reality, the child may experience difficulty in storing and processing relevant information and will find it challenging to focus and screen out irrelevant distractions if they have reduced working memory capacity.