Hyperopia (Long-Sightedness)

Hyperopia (Long-Sightedness)

What is Hyperopia?

Hyperopia, or long-sightedness, refers to an eye condition in which an image is perceived as out of focus due to an eye that is too short. The focal point (the point at which the light rays entering the eye converge) occurs after the retina, causing this visual blur.

Hyperopia causes issues during near viewing. People afflicted with this refraction may find distance viewing more comfortable than near viewing.  The blur experienced when viewing near targets may cause difficulty concentrating and focusing when reading, and can lead to headaches following close work tasks. In a child this can manifest and cause poor reading ability. The effort being put into focusing may also cause a child to adopt a very close reading distance, causing eye strain, eye burning and nausea.

Signs and Symptoms of Hyperopia May Include…

  • Headache (persistent headache)
  • Blurred vision (near objects look blurred)
  • Difficulty in activities such as reading, stitching
  • Eyestrain or feeling heaviness in the eyes
  • Squinting

Signs and Symptoms of Hyperopia May Include…

  • Headache (persistent headache)
  • Blurred vision (near objects look blurred)
  • Difficulty in activities such as reading, stitching
  • Eyestrain or feeling heaviness in the eyes
  • Squinting

How is Hyperopia Managed?

Convex (plus) lenses are given to help converge the light rays and bring the focal point directly on the retina rather than behind it. Contact lenses are also available as an alternative correction if preferred. It is important to note that children with hyperopia may not necessarily report clearer vision through their script but rather a feeling of comfort due to the reduction in eye strain.

Convex (plus) lenses are given to help converge the light rays and bring the focal point directly on the retina rather than behind it. Contact lenses are also available as an alternative correction if preferred. It is important to note that children with hyperopia may not necessarily report clearer vision through their script but rather a feeling of comfort due to the reduction in eye strain.

What Happens If Hyperopia is Not Corrected?

Studies have shown that a child can develop an array of issues if their hyperopia is left untreated. In particular, untreated hyperopes who have a significant or uneven prescription may develop an inturning eye (esotropia). They may also develop refractive amblyopia, whereby the eye with the stronger script, or blurrier vision, is switched off (suppressed), causing a lazy eye to develop.

Untreated hyperopia has also been linked to learning-related difficulties. If a child experiences blurry vision and vision-related migraines due to this blurred vision, it may reflect badly on their ability to concentrate and absorb information in class.

Are you concerned you or your child may have hyperopia?

Book an eye test with one of our optometrists.

Are you concerned you or your child may have hyperopia?

Book an eye test with one of our optometrists.

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